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  3. 保护我们的穆斯林青少年免遭霸凌:教育者的作用

保护我们的穆斯林青少年免遭霸凌:教育者的作用

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Not since the days and months immediately after September 11 has the Muslim community faced the level of anti-Muslim bias and bullying that has been seen over the past several months. In the wake of Paris and other terrorist attacks, combined with the emergence of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), a lack of information among the public about Islam, and the tendency to associate  Islam with terrorism, there has been an increase in expressions and incidents targeting the Muslim community and those who are perceived to be Muslim, such as members of the Sikh community. There has also been an increased wave of anti-Muslim sentiment in our public discourse, political rhetoric and everyday interactions.  Schools have not been immune. Youth have been called, “terrorists” or “ISIS.” There have been physical attacks, verbal threats, and social isolation. These are just a few of the many ways anti-Muslim sentiment has impacted schoolchildren who are Muslim or perceived to be Muslim.

由于受到霸凌和骚扰,学生可能会感到威胁、害怕并与学校脱节。其学习成绩可能会受到影响。全国各地的所有家长都应和孩子沟通,并教导其如何防止霸凌。家长应努力帮助孩子对同学保持欣赏态度,并结交具有不同文化背景的朋友。

教育工作者也应发挥重要作用。教室和学校所提供的学习环境,不仅能提供保护(包括对宗教)以防止歧视和骚扰,还应在不同背景学生之间架起沟通桥梁、打破成见、承认和肯定他们身份的重要方面,并学会在面对霸凌和偏见时如何成为盟友。

以下是一些重要的反偏见和防止霸凌策略,教师可以用来应对反穆斯林情绪:

  • 创造一个反偏见学习环境。通过社会研究、时事教学和儿童文学,将穆斯林的经历、观点和话语纳入课程体系,以了解不同文化。当您讲授世界宗教时,一定要包括伊斯兰教。当诋毁和侮辱针对特定学生时,要迅速而直接地进行干预。此外,自己要表现得平易近人,这样,当教室内外发生偏见或霸凌事件时,学生们就会放心地与您谈论事情经过。同样需要注意的是,有些穆斯林学生可以轻松自如地在课堂上讨论这些问题,而另一些人可能会因为谈论一个如此接近私人领域的话题,而感到紧张、害怕或愤怒。
  • 教育学生不要有成见、偏见和歧视。应该在任何反穆斯林或其他事件发生之前进行提前教育,这样,年轻人能够明白什么是带有偏见的语言以及不同观念之间的差别。利用当前事件——其中有许多事件充满了偏见和不公正的例子,帮助学生了解现实世界的事件,并探讨他们可以采取什么行动来改变现状。培养学生质疑偏见语言的能力,尤其是玩笑和诋毁。打破偏见和成见,将有助于学生反思自己的出身,并最终帮助年轻人建立同理心。
  • Encourage students to learn how to be an ally when faced with bias or bullying.  Adults are often not around when these incidents occur; give students the skills to do something.  Help students expand their understanding of what ally behavior is and encourage them to move from being bystanders to acting as allies. Contrary to the popular notion that “standing up” is the only way to be an ally, there are several less threatening and still effective ways to be an ally including: not participating, supporting the student being bullied, getting to know people instead of judging, and more. In addition, share inspiring examples like Walk a Mile in Her Hijab, whose goal is to spread awareness about Muslim cultural traditions and to combat anti-Muslim bias.

在为学生营造安全、受欢迎的学习环境方面,教育工作者发挥着至关重要的作用。鉴于反穆斯林偏见的不断增加,教师为支持所有学生并树立理解和尊重观念所做的努力,比以往任何时候都更加重要。

如需了解有关学校在应对骚扰方面的义务的更多信息以及联邦指南,请参阅以下内容: